Basics About Security Cameras

Among resourceful security camera varieties, IP cameras and CCTV cameras are now two prevailing players in the surveillance field today. They differ a lot when it comes down to their underlying features and technologies. In this article, we investigate into CCTV vs IP Camera and and provide a brief guide to assist you in making the right decision for your business or home security camera plan

Simply put, CCTV cameras transmit video feeds by analog signals, so it’s not wrong if you call CCTV cameras analog cameras. They work with closed-circuit systems.

IP cameras, better known as network cameras, are digitally functional. – They leverage digital technologies to transmit video data over networks, which emerged and evolved with the blossom of internet technologies.

With ever-innovating changes occurring in the surveillance industry, IP cameras have taken a significant market share, especially for individual uses. Interestingly, the CCTV cameras still have remained popular even in the 2020s of AI. This is fundamentally based on their stable performance and low chance of being intruded. Whether for individual users or business owners, keeping an eye on their properties is a must by hiring suitable surveillance systems. If you’re hesitating between CCTV and IP cameras, this article will offer a fair reference by delving into their differences.

Comparison Between IP Camera CCTV Camera

1. Price

Basically said, it’s not wrong to say IP Cameras are more expensive than analog cameras. Cutting-edge technologies generate high upfront costs compared with IP cameras. For individuals or small businesses, there might be an instinctive fence for picking IP cameras. And because analog cameras are more affordable, picking one under a tight budget is a reasonable choice.


2. Lifetime Cost

However, an encouraging fact is that technologies evolve at a marvelous pace. Consequently, fixed costs for existing technologies are decreasing yearly, even monthly, with the manufacturing development and competition in the market. The price gaps between IP cameras and CCTV cameras are converging.

So, it is too absolute and irresponsible to claim IP cameras cost more than CCTV cameras. Many reports also indicate that subsequent installation on a CCTV system is more time-labor-consuming, which may lead to an overall higher cost than getting an IP camera system.

Furthermore, the expansion of a CCTV system, due to the limitation of flexibility, might be unimaginably costly. In typical cases, you have to additionally purchase a DVR and hard drive with the limit of camera quantity(usually 4,8,16, or 32) on the DVR of the CCTV system. However, with an IP camera, a user can, without additional DVR or NVR, add cameras to the original system directly over the LAN port to a converter.

3. Video Quality

As you may anticipate, IP cameras deliver higher video quality than their analog cameras in most cases, enabling better image details. Analog cameras now are capable of offering 4-megapixel-some resolution but still have a limit for HD (high-definition) images. Moreover, with a wider viewing range, an IP camera can cover more area and may cut the cost of buying more cameras.

4. Storage Availability

Video footage can only go into a disk or tape on a CCTV system. Plus, it’s a tricky process to do a retrieval with footage for specific purposes. Most CCTV systems lack intelligent functions. Therefore, if you want to find something in the video footage, it is not easy to locate where the target is in the video timeline. Storage for IP is flexible. An IP camera can store data over a hard disk, cloud, server, or SD card.


5. Reliability 

CCTV cameras are typically wired, which contributes to two pros:

1) Less vulnerable to cyberspace intrusions.

2) They don’t require a network connection to function, allowing more stable video transmission.

When choosing a security system, many put reliability as the first place. – that’s why CCVT systems are still commonly used everywhere. However, because analog video feeds are not typically encrypted, confidential information might easily get leaked once the hard drive is lost.

On the contrary, IP cameras, armed with intelligent encryption systems, can secure the cameras and effectively prevent unauthorized use or cyberspace intrusion – This balances its network-related risks.

6. Wiring and Installation 

If we discuss this feature, an answer can be quickly dropped: IP cameras offer more user-friendly experiences. One of the main demerits of CCTV systems is their intricate cables. Many non-professional individual users might get involved in confusing and exhausting situations with CCTV wires and ports from end to end.

Comparatively, IP cameras daunt people less with simpler wiring, not to mention that WIFI IP cameras allow flexible connection and remote control access. Wired IP cameras, because usually POE-powered, can transmit video data and be powered over a single POE cable(Cat 5, Cat 5e, Cat 6, or Cat 6e). For WiFi cameras, thing are even more simpler since the camera can connect to the NVR directly via WiFi network with cable. In a conclusion, IP cameras can run efficiently with their more multi-functional, fewer ports and cables than CCTV cameras.

7. Portability 

Can you imagine any individual lives without a cell phone in our day? The answer is on hand. The accessibility to check the real-time status on mobile devices counts for many users’ preferences, especially for individuals. For IP cameras, users can easily access the live feed and remotely control the devices over their phones, laptops, or computers wherever they are. In recent years, WIFI IP cameras have become popular as one of the best-selling electronics.

8. Intelligent Functions

Here, let’s look into the most distinctive benefits of IP cameras- their intelligent functions. Advanced and sophisticated technologies make IP cameras more intelligent and humanly smart. For businesses that need to deploy enormous and complex property management, IP camera systems assist them in sparing lots of time for more meaningful business issues. Motion detection, human and vehicle distinguish ability, cross-line intrusion detection, wide dynamic range, low light color imaging, long-distance night vision, two-way audio, and light-audio alarm allow resourceful solutions for different domains or scenarios.


9. Scalability

In typical cases for a CCTV system, you have to additionally get a DVR and hard drive with the limit of the camera quantity(usually 4, 8, or 16) on the DVR. The expansion of a CCTV system, due to the limitation of flexibility, might be unexpectedly costly for owners. However, with an IP camera, a user can add cameras to the original system directly over the LAN port to a converter without additional DVR or NVR.

An IP camera exhibits a higher cost per camera unit than a CCTV Camera under the first purchase, but this might be offset by a total system cost if the owners want to expand the system.



With the comparison between IP Camera and CCTV Camera, we warmly advise aligning your specific requirements and budget with camera parameters when you pick a security camera. There’s no camera model that is perfect in all aspects or all scenarios between CCTV and IP cameras. If you’re not adept at complicated installation of camera system, IP camera might be more suitable for you. But if you’re users, especially organizations who emphasizes more on network security, conventional CCTV cameras will be more solid choices.